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Safety at Play

2 months ago


The Facts 
  • Brain injury is the leading cause of sports- and recreation-related death.1
  • Children in early adolescence demonstrate less motor coordination for pedaling bicycles as well as differences in bone development that affect motor skills.
  • 11- to 14-year-olds may be reluctant to wear helmets. 2
  • Wearing a helmet when riding wheeled vehicles can reduce the risk of head injury by as much as 85 percent.2
  • Helmets cost approximately $12.00-$15.00.
  • Children who do not wear or use protective equipment are at greater risk of sustaining sports-related injuries.Pictures of protective gear
  • A $5 mouth guard can help reduce injury to the mouth, teeth, lips, cheeks and tongue.  Research shows that mouth guards reduce the risk of losing a tooth, potentially saving $10,000 to $15,000 in lifetime dental costs. 3
  • Children just beginning summer practices for organized sports are particularly vulnerable to suffering some form of heat illness such as dehydration or heat stroke.4
 Your Game Plan
  1.  Wear a properly fitting helmet when riding anything with wheels: bicycle, scooter, roller skates, in-line skates, rip sticks, etc.
  2. Actively supervise children at play.
  3. Don't let children ride bikes, skateboard or scooters in and around cars.
  4. Practice bike safety: learn the rules of the road, wear reflective clothes and stickers, and ride on sidewalks when possible.
  5. When riding wheeled vehicles, don’t wear ear phones that interfere with your ability to hear things around you.
  6. Maintain equipment properly.
  7. Check athletic grounds for hazards like rocks, holes or water.
  8. Always wear appropriate protective gear for the activity - for practice as well as games - and make sure it's the right size and properly adjusted.
  9. Make sure your child has a screening physical before playing sports.
  10. Make sure responsible adults know and enforce the safety rules of the sport, are present to provide supervision, and are trained in first aid and CPR.
  11. To prevent dehydration, make sure kids drink adequate liquids prior to, during and following athletic activities.
  12. Kids should receive adequate rest breaks during practice and games.

 
 
Data picture
 
 
 
 
Do you want some data to convince you that helmets are important?

 Statistics from the 

Fatality Facts: Bicycles - 2010 1

 
Cyclists killed: helmet use
 

 No helmet use      Helmet use      Unknown            Total
 Year Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number
 
 Percent
 

2009

573

91 

52

8

3

0

628

100

2010

429

70

94

15

93

15

616

 100

2011

450

67

100

15

125

19

675

 100
   
 
 
According to a study in Accident Analysis & Prevention April 20132 
 
Helmet use was associated with reduced risk of head injury in bicycle collisions with motor vehicles of up to 74%.
 

 

 

According to Thompson DC, Rivara F, Thompson R in their research article: 

  Wearing a helmet dramatically reduces the risk of head and facial injuries for bicyclists involved in a crash, even if it involves a motor vehicle 3

 
  • Helmets provide a 63 to 88% reduction in the risk of head, brain and severe brain injury for all ages of bicyclists. 
  • Helmets provide equal levels of protection for crashes involving motor vehicles (69%) and crashes from all other causes (68%). 
  • Injuries to the upper and mid facial areas are reduced 65%.
 
References:
  1. http://www.helmets.org/stats.htm#effectiveness Accessed 10/16/13
  2. Accident Analysis & Prevention; Volume 53, 1 April 2013, Pages 78–88: The effectiveness of helmets in bicycle collisions with motor vehicles: A case–control study.  Accessed 10/16/13
  3. http://summaries.cochrane.org/CD001855/wearing-a-helmet-dramatically-reduces-the-risk-of-head-and-facial-injuries-for-bicyclists-involved-in-a-crash-even-if-it-involves-a-motor-vehicle  Accessed 10/16/13.  Wearing a helmet dramatically reduces the risk of head and facial injuries for bicyclists involved in a crash, even if it involves a motor vehicle. Thompson DC, Rivara F, Thompson R; Published Online: January 21, 2009.


 Created 10/18/13

 




Reye's Syndrome: A Real Present Danger

2 months ago


 
Warning:
 
According toThe American Association of Pediatricians, since the
medical community 
issued a public warning against the use of aspirin during viral illnesses, the number of cases of Reye syndrome has decreased greatly. Therefore,we strongly recommend that you do not give aspirin or any medications containing aspirin to your child or teenager when he has any viral illness, particularly chickenpox or influenzaIf he needs medication for mild fever or discomfort, give him acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Ibuprofen is approved for use in children six months of age or older; however, it should never be given to children who are dehydrated or who are vomiting continuously.
 

 
The following information is taken from http://www.reyessyndrome.org/what.html accessed 10/30/13. Please see website for further information. 

What is Reye's Syndrome?
 
Reye's Syndrome, a deadly disease, strikes swiftly and can attack any child, teen, or adult without warning. All body organs are affected with the liver and brain suffering most seriously. While the cause and cure remain unknown, research has established a link between Reye's Syndrome and the use of aspirin and other salicylate containing medications, over the counter products, and topical use products.
 
Reye's Syndrome is a two-phase illness because it is almost always associated with a previous viral infection such as influenza (flu), cold, or chicken pox. Scientists do know that Reye's Syndrome is not contagious and the cause is unknown. Reye's Syndrome is often misdiagnosed as encephalitis, meningitis, diabetes, drug overdose, poisoning, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or psychiatric illness.

Reye's Syndrome tends to appear with greatest frequency during January, February, and March when influenza is most common. Cases are reported in every month of the year. An epidemic of flu or chicken pox is commonly followed by an increase in the number of cases of Reye's Syndrome.

When Reye's Syndrome develops, it typically occurs when a person is beginning to recover from a viral illness.

Abnormal accumulations of fat begin to develop in the liver and other organs of the body, along with a severe increase of pressure in the brain. Unless diagnosed and treated successfully, death is common, often within a few days, and even a few hours. A person's life depends upon early diagnosis. Statistics indicate an excellent chance of recovery when Reye's Syndrome is diagnosed and treated in its earliest stages. The later the diagnosis and treatment, the more severely reduced are the chances for successful recovery and survival.

What has aspirin in it? 
 
The following is a list of common over-the-counter medications that contain aspirin.  You should talk with the pharmacist before giving your child any of these medications to see if it contains aspirin products.  For a more complete list of medications go to http://www.reyessyndrome.org/aspirinlists.html. 

 

  • Alka-Seltzer
  • Anacin
  • Ascriptin
  • Bayer
  • BC Powder
  • Bufferin
  • Doan’s
  • Dristan
  • Ecotrin
  • Exedrin
  • Goody’s
  • Kaopectate
  • Norwich
  • Pamprin
  • Pepto-Bismol
  • Sine-Off
  • St. Joseph’s Aspirin
  • Vanquish
  • YSP Aspirin